【中醫簡史】商代 The Shang People 1700-1100BC

【中醫簡史】

商代 (公元前1700-1100年)

The Shang People 1700-1100BC

有關商族 
商人民居住在中國境內的黃河盆地,被認為是中國最早的祖先之一。他們行醫的方式非常原始,往往將迷信、傳說及治療經驗結合應用。據當時出土的水牛及

甲骨文

烏龜甲骨文記載,已有數種疾病的描述和治療方法,人們更以酒及熱水作藥物,利用針及青銅刀作手術用具。相傳以湯液治病始自此期。

商人認為自己的存在與天地萬物關係密切,大家所處的位置 是,天堂在頭上,地球在腳下, 而人在兩 者之間 。他們的

蓋天說法

信念是 "地球是扁平的,並由三塊同心方塊組合而成", 並以這個蓋天說法來解釋一切自然定律,而人與宇宙之間也因此而建立了很多聯繫。舉例說,人類身體的皮膚被認定與地球的扁平特質相關;而五臟與五行的木、火、水、土和金相關;眼睛及耳朵與天上的太陽及月亮相關等。奠定了中醫藥理論體系基礎。

About the Shang
The Shang people, one of China's earliest ancestors, lived in the Yellow River basin of China. During this period, medical principles were very primitive in form, and 

based on myths and legends as well as experience. Inscriptions on oracle bones of buffalo and tortoise shells describe the use of wine and hot water as medicine, and the use of needles and bronze knives as surgical instruments. In addition, these oracles shed light on a number of diseases and illnesses.

The Shang believed their existence was closely tied with the universe where they were located in the center with the heavens positioned above and the earth positioned below. The Shang also believed that the earth was "flat and divided into three concentric squares." The concept of the universe

The concept of the universe
was used to explain the laws of nature. Relationships were formed between the cosmos and humans. For example, the skin of the human body corresponded with the flat texture of the earth, the five internal organs corresponded to the five elements of wood, fire, water, earth, and metal, and the eyes and ears related to the sun and moon in the heavens.

 

文章出處:http://shen-nong.com/chi/history/shang.html