【中醫簡史】遠古時代 Antiquity 2200 BC

【中醫簡史】

 遠古時代 Antiquity 2200 BC 

在這時期,中國版圖上已形成不同的部落,起初始祖居民穴居野外,為生存必須與自然界鬥爭。在尋覓食物過程中,他們發現某些食物能緩和身體不適,但某些食物有毒性,能引致死亡。火的應用對 當時穴居部落起了重要的改變,熟食不但縮短消化食物的過程,而且火能禦寒、照明、驅散山洞中的潮濕,改善居住的條件,自然也減少了疾病。當時人們利用熱石取暖時,發現以石頭烘烤不同的體表部位可以舒緩某些不適,另外亦發現利用骨針捶擊特殊位置可舒緩某部位的痛楚。這些經驗奠定了草藥、鍼灸治療的基礎。

當時雖沒有醫生這種專職,但一些專長這方面技能的部族成員被尊稱為"巫",因為他們治療時往往結合巫術。


During this period, different clans began to form, and survival was based on overcoming struggles with nature. As the early inhabitants hunted for food, they discovered that some foods could relieve illness while others were poisonous and could cause death. The discovery of fire was especially important because it allowed people to eat cooked food that was more easily digested.

At the same time, the generation of heat led to other findings. The earliest beginnings of using herbs, acupuncture, and moxibustion to cure disease were seen. While using hot stones to warm themselves, inhabitants realized that pressing them against certain parts of the body could help alleviate certain sicknesses. They also found that by using bone needles and pricking themselves in a particular spot could relieve pain in other areas of the body.

In addition, there were clan members who became specialists in these techniques, and were known as shamans (wu). The practice of medicine was very much integrated with magic to cure illness.

 

 黃帝與炎帝 The Yellow Emperor and the Fire Emperor 

相傳這個時代有兩位傳奇人物,黃帝與炎帝(又名神農)。歷史學家雖不能確定他們是否真正存在,但可以確定他們的年代大概是公元前2500-2700年。兩人都被認為是中醫藥始祖之一,對中醫藥貢獻良多。

這兩位人物被認為是兩本中醫巨著的作者;《黃帝內經》及《神農本草經》,此著作現今仍為人們廣泛應用。據歷史學家估計此乃托古之作,在古時人們喜歡將受尊重的老師或重要人物指定為某著作的來源,其實他們並非真正的作者。

 

Two well-known legends at the time were those of the Yellow Emperor whose name was Huang Di, and the Fire Emperor who was bestowed the title Shennong. Shennong has numerous meanings in Chinese such as "divine farmer", the "heavenly husbandman", and a more modern interpretation as a distinguished doctor. It is unclear whether these emperors actually existed but some historians date their existence back to 2500 to 2700BC.

 

Both of these important figures are the attributed author's of two well-known books that have contributed significantly to Traditional Chinese Medicine. These are the Huang Di Nei Jing(The Yellow Emperor's Medicine Classic) and the Shennong Bencaojing (Classic of Herbal Medicine). In actuality these books were written much later in history. It was common in ancient time's for the Chinese authors to assign authorship of books to the great teachers or important persons who influenced them.

 

 

 

From:http://shen-nong.com/chi/history/ancient.html